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Word: Schadenfreude

Schadenfreude [Noun]

Sentence: Finance Minister Sammy Wilson can bask in the approval of business leaders today, as his draft Budget received considerably more bouquets than brickbats. There was some sense of schadenfreude as private sector bosses can now look on and watch civil servants face the pay and recruitment freezes which have beset private business for close to two-and-a-half years.

(Source: www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk)

Meaning: Malicious joy; Damage-joy; Pleasure derived by someone from another person’s misfortune

How To Remember?

Whenever you hear the word “Schadenfreude”, imagine a psychiatrist named Freud (Sigmund Freud was actually an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis), who is sitting by his table and laughing at the troubles of his patients. Why, you ask?

The more problems they have, the more mentally afflicted they would be, and the more would be his income from their frequent visits!

Remember thus!

For more words, click here! 

Schadenfreude

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Word: Fastidious

Fastidious [Adjective]

Sentence: The Middle Ages had its prisons and jails but it was unfamiliar with anything resembling the rigid system of regimented, fastidious detention that developed between 1780 and 1820 as Europe and the New World became covered with penitentiaries. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: Very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail; Very concerned about matters of cleanliness

How To Remember?

Fastidious” should remind you of a person who is very “fast” in cleaning any dirt in her room. She cleans the room very fast, every nook and cranny, to the last detail!

Remember thus!

Synonyms?

Scrupulous; Punctilious; Meticulous; Perfectionist; Finicky.

For more words, click here! 

fastidious.png

[Picture Courtesy: ihccinc.com]

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Word: Petrichor

Petrichor [Noun]

Sentence: Publishing in the journal Nature in 1964, Bear and Thomas proposed a name for the scent brought on by rain. They called it “petrichor,” a blend of the Greek words petra, rock, and ikhor, the blood of the gods in Greek mythology. But the scientists acknowledged that they were not the first to identify the stormy smell. They were not even the first to extract it. In fact, what they had dubbed petrichor was already a signature fragrance produced in Kannauj. Extracted from parched clay and distilled with ancient techniques, it is known as mitti attar—Earth’s perfume. (Source: www.theatlantic.com)

Meaning: The pleasant smell that frequently accompanies the first rain after a long period of warm, dry weather

How To Remember?

Any word having “petra-” in it, has something to do with rocks. For example, petroleum refers to “rock oil”. Thus, petrichor too has something to do with rocks. And “ichor” refers to the fluid that flows through the veins of gods in Greek mythology.

Picture fresh rain droplets on rocks, and imagine that wonderful smell which emanates then – a serious cure for bad mood.

Remember thus!

For more words, click here! 

Petrichor1.gif

Gif Credit: www.tumblr.com

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Word: Farrago

Farrago [Noun]

Sentence: Johnson knows what to dislike and is unflagging. Ivan Illich writes “a farrago of sub-Marxist cliches, false analogies, non sequiturs, false or bent facts and weird prophesies.” [Source: www.nytimes.com]

Meaning: A confused mixture

How To Remember?

Read “Farrago” as “Far” + “Ago”. An incident occurred so far ago that you do not quite remember it well. You are confused as to what exactly happened.

Remember thus!

Synonyms?

Clutter; Hodgepodge; Medley; Melange; Mishmash; Motley; Montage; Smorgasbord.

For more words, click here!

Farrago.jpg

Picture Credit: www.buzzfeed.com

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Word: Eponymous

Eponymous [Adjective]

Sentence: The Burmans of Dabur and industrialist GM Rao’s eponymous business empire have painstakingly drafted their own constitutions which other family-run businesses such as the Chennai-based Apollo Hospitals are drawing inspiration from. [Source: www.forbesindia.com]

Meaning: Named after a particular person or group

How To Remember?

“Eponymous” gives a name to the “Anonymous”! Remember thus!

For more words, click here!

eponymous.png

[Check a list of eponymous companies by clicking here.]

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Word: Impecunious

Impecunious [Adjective]

Sentence: The foragers and farmers and fishermen of the old Chez Panisse fantasy still figure, but now as an unseen impecunious peasant horde combing beaches and redwoods for the chanterelles and Santa Barbara spot prawns that genius chefs transform into visionary distillations of a mythical Northern California experience that no successful entrepreneur would waste time living. [Source: www.nytimes.com]

Meaning: Having little or no money

How To Remember?

The “-pecun-” part of “Impecunious” should remind you of the word “Pecuniary“. (Click here to check the meaning of the word.)

Pecuniary” is related to money. “Impecunious” should remind you of someone who does not have any!

Synonyms?

Penniless; Penurious; Poor; Indigent.

Antonym?

Wealthy.

For more words, click here!

Impecunious.gif

Gif Credit: www.teen.com

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Word: Profligate

Profligate [Adjective]

Sentence: The United States is particularly profligate. When oil prices rose, speculators bought huge tracts to grow corn for biofuel. Corn takes three times more water than sorghum but fetches a higher price. Pivotal irrigator hoses project streams that allow farmers to squander hundreds, or thousands, of gallons per minute. (Source: nytimes.com)

Meaning: Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources; Licentious; Immoral

How To Remember?

If you spend profusely as if you had money like Bill Gates, you would be a profligate!

Synonyms?

Wasteful; Extravagant; Spendthrift; Improvident; Prodigal; Immoderate; Excessive.

Antonyms?

Thrifty; Frugal; Moral; Upright.

For more words, click here!

profligate.gif

Gif Credit: giphy.com

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Word: Maculate

Sentence: The moon in Lodovico Cigoli’s Immacolata fresco (1610–12) in the Pauline Chapel, S. Maria Maggiore, Rome, departs radically from tradition, appearing not as a perfect crescent but as a crater-pocked sphere, just as Cigoli’s friend Galileo had observed it through his telescope and had published it in 1610. This study focuses on the reception of Cigoli’s and Galileo’s moon in light of Christian lunar symbolism and astronomical theory. At issue are the theological implications of a maculate moon within an image of the Immaculate Virgin in a papal chapel and how the Church accommodated the new cosmology to theological traditions. (Source: www.tandfonline.com)

Meaning: Spotted or stained

How To Remember?

Immaculate” refers to being clean and spotless, without any blemish. “Maculate” is just the opposite, although not as commonly used.

Additionally, “Mac-” of “Maculate” can remind you McD! Imagine yourself gorging on one of those McD burgers and staining your white shirt with yellow sauce. Your shirt would be maculate!

Synonyms?

Dirty; Grubby; Damaged.

Antonyms?

Clean; Spotless; Pristine; Unsoiled; Unstained; Unsullied; Speckless.

For more words, click here!

earth moon.gif

Picture Credit: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

[In the picture above, you can see the maculate surface of the earth’s moon!]

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Word: Poseur

Poseur [Noun]

Sentence: For the record, I don’t think that Professor Ferguson is a racist. I think he’s a poseur. I’m told that some of his straight historical work is very good. When it comes to economics, however, he hasn’t bothered to understand the basics, relying on snide comments and surface cleverness to convey the impression of wisdom. It’s all style, no comprehension of substance. (Source: krugman.blogs.nytimes.com)

Meaning: A person who behaves to be something/someone he/she is actually not

How To Remember?

Poseur” is someone who strikes a pose to impress others. In reality, he/she is very different from what he/she is trying to project.

For more words, click here!

Poseur.gif

Gife Credit: www.tumblr.com

[In a way, we are all poseurs, aren’t we?]

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Word: Xenophile

Xenophile [Noun]

Sentence: For those who seek a wider picture a picture now critical for survival in an age of global economic crises and pandemics Zuckerman highlights the challenges, and the headway already made, in truly connecting people across cultures. From voracious xenophiles eager to explore other countries to bridge figures who are able to connect one culture to another, people are at the center of his vision for a true kind of cosmopolitanism. And it is people who will shape a new approach to existing technologies, and perhaps invent some new ones, that embrace translation, cross-cultural inspiration, and the search for new, serendipitous experiences. (Source: www.booksamillion.com)

Meaning: A person attracted to foreign people, culture and customs

How To Remember?

The suffix “-phile” refers to a person having fondness for something. Remember this always. Just “-phobe” is a suffix which refers to fear for something.

And “Xeno-” refers to foreign origin. So “Xenophile” would refer to someone who is fond of foreigners while “Xenophobe” would describe a person who dislikes foreigners.

Synonym?

Allophile (A close one!).

Antonym?

Xenophobe.

For more words, click here!

xenophile.gif

Picture Credit: www.afronews.de

[The ones welcoming refugees from other countries can be characterised as xenophiles.]

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