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Word: Adduce

Adduce [Verb]

Sentence: Last week a Dutch-led investigation adduced irrefutable video evidence that Putin’s government not only trucked in the missile system used to shoot down a Malaysia Airlines plane flying over Ukraine in 2014, killing all 298 civilians onboard, but also returned it to Russia the same night and then engaged in an elaborate cover-up. (Source: www.nytimes.com

Meaning:  To present as an example or means of proof in an argument

How To Remember?

You add various data points to deduce something and provide it as proof to win an argument. Thus, you adduce!


Cite; Instance; Mention; Quote.

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[In the movie “A Few Good Men“, Lt. Daniel Kaffee (played by Tom Cruise) adduces evidence that Col. Nathan R. Jessup (played by Jack Nicholson) had violated human rights.]

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Word: Specious

Specious [Adjective]

Sentence: In more recent years, the Kochs have made large donations to the United Negro College Fund. But, in a 2011 interview with The Weekly Standard, David Koch echoed specious claims, made by conservative gadfly Dinesh D’Souza, that Obama was somehow African rather than American in his outlook. He claimed that Obama, who was born in America and abandoned by his Kenyan father as a toddler, nonetheless derived his “radical” views from his African heritage. (Source: www.newyorker.com)

Meaning: Appears plausible or right but actually wrong

How To Remember?

Be “suspicious” about someone who wants to make you believe that the spelling of “spacious” is actually “specious“. Ok?

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[Be suspicious whenever you feel that the claim made by the other party is specious.]

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Word: Levity

Levity [Noun]

Sentence: Humorist and corporate culture expert Scott Christopher debunks the myth that levity is somehow a frivolous non-issue and detrimental to an organization’s success. (Source: levityeffect.com)

Meaning: Lack of seriousness or due respect while dealing with a serious matter

How To Remember? 

Leave it. Don’t take it too seriously!” The word “Levity” should remind you of “Leave it!” Hope this helps you remember this word.

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[While most people would argue how business matters are to be taken seriously always, authors Adrian Gostick & Scott Christopher argue otherwise in their book “The Levity Effect“. Using extensive research, they show how entertainment is necessary in an organization to motivate employees and have more loyal customers. Their research also shows how leaders who take-it-easy & are relaxed eventually earn more than their peers who are serious all the time. Source: www.levityeffect.com.]

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Word: Abstemious

Abstemious [Adjective]

Sentence: He is so abstemious that he once declared that to avoid temptation, he would never appear anywhere alcohol was served unless his wife was with him. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: Someone who exercises restraint especially while consuming alcohol or food

How To Remember?

Abstemious” is related to the word “abstain” which is the verb form. Now, “Ab-” + “-stain” may be thought of as staying away from “stain” of any type. But to stay away, you need to exercise restraint, an enormous amount of self-control. Being abstemious as you see isn’t easy at all!

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[Guess who are not being abstemious!]

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Word: Travail

Travail [Verb]

Sentence: Storytelling has long been a favorite hobby of many of Margaret Atwood’s characters. For some, it’s a way to distance themselves from painful memories while mythologizing mundane triumphs and travails; for others, it’s a means of discovering their own identities, a way of connecting the dots in their lives, of turning random points of light into something resembling a starry constellation. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: To engage in work of a painful or laborious nature

How To Remember?

The word “ail” is used to describe when one is feeling ill or feeling pain. The “-ail” of “Travail” should remind you of that. Additionally, “Travail” sounds a lot like “Travel” – a venture requiring effort. So, the word “Travail” should remind you of a difficult journey resulting in pain during the process.

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