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Word: Profligate

Profligate [Adjective]

Sentence: The United States is particularly profligate. When oil prices rose, speculators bought huge tracts to grow corn for biofuel. Corn takes three times more water than sorghum but fetches a higher price. Pivotal irrigator hoses project streams that allow farmers to squander hundreds, or thousands, of gallons per minute. (Source: nytimes.com)

Meaning: Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources; Licentious; Immoral

How To Remember?

If you spend profusely as if you had money like Bill Gates, you would be a profligate!

Synonyms?

Wasteful; Extravagant; Spendthrift; Improvident; Prodigal; Immoderate; Excessive.

Antonyms?

Thrifty; Frugal; Moral; Upright.

For more words, click here!

profligate.gif

Gif Credit: giphy.com

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Word: Maculate

Sentence: The moon in Lodovico Cigoli’s Immacolata fresco (1610–12) in the Pauline Chapel, S. Maria Maggiore, Rome, departs radically from tradition, appearing not as a perfect crescent but as a crater-pocked sphere, just as Cigoli’s friend Galileo had observed it through his telescope and had published it in 1610. This study focuses on the reception of Cigoli’s and Galileo’s moon in light of Christian lunar symbolism and astronomical theory. At issue are the theological implications of a maculate moon within an image of the Immaculate Virgin in a papal chapel and how the Church accommodated the new cosmology to theological traditions. (Source: www.tandfonline.com)

Meaning: Spotted or stained

How To Remember?

Immaculate” refers to being clean and spotless, without any blemish. “Maculate” is just the opposite, although not as commonly used.

Additionally, “Mac-” of “Maculate” can remind you McD! Imagine yourself gorging on one of those McD burgers and staining your white shirt with yellow sauce. Your shirt would be maculate!

Synonyms?

Dirty; Grubby; Damaged.

Antonyms?

Clean; Spotless; Pristine; Unsoiled; Unstained; Unsullied; Speckless.

For more words, click here!

earth moon.gif

Picture Credit: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

[In the picture above, you can see the maculate surface of the earth’s moon!]

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Word: Moribund

Moribund [Adjective]

Sentence: Although the term “patient dumping” was rarely used before the 1960s, the practice started much earlier. In the late 1870s, the New York Times began to report that private hospitals were using ambulances to shift poor, moribund patients to Bellevue, the city’s preeminent public facility. Many trips had serious medical consequences. Private hospitals also instructed ambulances to take critically ill patients directly to Bellevue regardless of the distance. (Source: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)

Meaning: At the point of death or terminal decline; lacking vitality and vigour

How To Remember?

Remember “Moribund” as “Mortal at the end“. The mortal person is at the point of death! Remember thus.

Synonyms?

Stagnant; Crumbling; Atrophying; Obsolescent.

Antonyms?

Thriving; Recovering; Flourishing.

For more words, click here!

Moribund.jpg

Picture Credit: in.pinterest.com

[Moribund or just dead?]

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Word: Poseur

Poseur [Noun]

Sentence: For the record, I don’t think that Professor Ferguson is a racist. I think he’s a poseur. I’m told that some of his straight historical work is very good. When it comes to economics, however, he hasn’t bothered to understand the basics, relying on snide comments and surface cleverness to convey the impression of wisdom. It’s all style, no comprehension of substance. (Source: krugman.blogs.nytimes.com)

Meaning: A person who behaves to be something/someone he/she is actually not

How To Remember?

Poseur” is someone who strikes a pose to impress others. In reality, he/she is very different from what he/she is trying to project.

For more words, click here!

Poseur.gif

Gife Credit: www.tumblr.com

[In a way, we are all poseurs, aren’t we?]

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Word: Conflation

Conflation [Noun]

Sentence: It is time to undo this conflation of religion and politics. Instead of seeing this politicization of religion as natural — or even, as some Muslims do, something to be proud of — we should see it as a problem that requires a solution. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: Merging of two or more sets of information, texts, ideas, etc. into one.

How To Remember?

Conflation” should remind you of convergence of two flats to make a bigger flat! You just break the wall between the two flats to make a bigger house! Remember thus.

Synonyms?

Admixture; Alloy; Amalgamation; Composite; Compound; Blend; Emulsion.

For more words, click here!

conflation

Picture Credit: etc.usf.edu

[Conflation of roads!]

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Word: Xenophile

Xenophile [Noun]

Sentence: For those who seek a wider picture a picture now critical for survival in an age of global economic crises and pandemics Zuckerman highlights the challenges, and the headway already made, in truly connecting people across cultures. From voracious xenophiles eager to explore other countries to bridge figures who are able to connect one culture to another, people are at the center of his vision for a true kind of cosmopolitanism. And it is people who will shape a new approach to existing technologies, and perhaps invent some new ones, that embrace translation, cross-cultural inspiration, and the search for new, serendipitous experiences. (Source: www.booksamillion.com)

Meaning: A person attracted to foreign people, culture and customs

How To Remember?

The suffix “-phile” refers to a person having fondness for something. Remember this always. Just “-phobe” is a suffix which refers to fear for something.

And “Xeno-” refers to foreign origin. So “Xenophile” would refer to someone who is fond of foreigners while “Xenophobe” would describe a person who dislikes foreigners.

Synonym?

Allophile (A close one!).

Antonym?

Xenophobe.

For more words, click here!

xenophile.gif

Picture Credit: www.afronews.de

[The ones welcoming refugees from other countries can be characterised as xenophiles.]

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Word: Sirimiri

Sirimiri [Noun]

Sentence: Bilbao, like Seattle, is a city of mizzling rain, drizzle-and-spatter, of mild winters & thick grass. It snows perhaps two times a year — wet, clumping stuff that doesn’t stick — and stays cool all summer long. It will rain at least one hundred days out of the year, & sometimes more. Bilbao’s rainfall is even enshrined in a local word: sirimiri. It’s roughly equivalent to chipichipi in Mexico, or a New Englander’s it’s spitting — a light, constant, almost foglike rain, barely worth noticing, that leaves you soaked through by the time you get wherever you’re going. (Source: jimsligh.wordpress.com)

Meaning: Very light rain which is stronger than mist but weaker than a shower

How To Remember?

Try to remember this word by associating the sound with the name used to characterize this light rain – “Sirimiri“. Slight drizzle. Its such a beautiful word!

Synonyms?

Calabobos; Chirimiri.

For more words, click here!

Sirimiri.gif

Gif Credits: jwintle.com

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Word: Ingenuous

Ingenuous [Adjective]

Sentence: Miss Stanwyck gives a good surface performance of a destructively lurid female, but Mr. MacMurray is a bit too ingenuous as the gent who falls precipitately under her spell. And the ease of his fall is also questionable. One look at the lady’s ankles and he’s cooked. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: Innocent & suspecting

How To Remember?

Ingenuous” should remind you of a genuine person who is upright and unsuspecting. He/she neither suspects nor resorts to chicanery. (Click here to check the meaning of “Chicanery”.) 

Synonyms?

Naive; Innocent; Simple; Childlike; Uncritical ; Unworldly.

Antonyms?

Disingenuous; Artful.

For more words, click here!

ingenuous.jpg

[Consumerism & media thrive because of the ingenuous consumer!]

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Word: Anathema

Anathema [Noun]

Sentence: “Treating friends like investments or commodities is anathema to the whole idea of friendship,” said Ronald Sharp, a professor of English at Vassar College, who teaches a course on the literature of friendship. “It’s not about what someone can do for you, it’s who and what the two of you become in each other’s presence. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: Someone or something that is vehemently disliked

How To Remember?

Anathema” should remind you of anti-nationals who are vehemently disliked by their own countrymen. Remember thus!

Synonyms?

Abhorrent; Hateful; Odious; Repugnant; Repellent; Offensive; Abomination; Abhorrence; Aversion; Monstrosity; Outrage; Disgrace; Bane.

For more words, click here!

Anathema.jpg

[Is nostalgia anathema to evolution? Well!]

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Word: Exuberant

Exuberant [Adjective]

Sentence: By 1987, Mr. Michael had become just fresh, switching personas from soft to hard, from exuberant cheerleader to butch troubadour. (Source: www.nytimes.com)

Meaning: Full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness; Growing luxuriantly or profusely

How To Remember?

Exuberant” should remind you of the moments when you feel super – full of energy, life and laughter!

Alternatively, think about super ants which are always full of energy to work for their colony, running hither and dither.

Remember thus!

Synonyms?

Ebullient; Buoyant; Cheerful; Sunny; Breezy; Jaunty.

Antonyms?

Gloomy; Meager; Stunted.

For more words, click here!

exuberant-2

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